There are hundreds of programming languages in existence today. Thankfully, prospective Front End Web Developers only have to learn a few core languages in order to get started in their new careers. Here are the five most essential programming languages in front end web development.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language used to create documents that will be displayed on a web browser. HTML instructs the browser on how to display data on the page. These instructions often cover the layout of the page, fonts, colors, headings, title, tables, and graphics. HTML5 Boilerplate is the most popular HTML framework in use today.
Why Web Developers Love HTML
One big reason developers love HTML is that they have to — HTML is the standard language used in the creation of websites and is supported by all modern Internet browsers including Chrome, Firefox, Edge, Safari, Samsung Internet, and Opera. HTML is so prevalent that it’s been used on at least 93% of all websites in the world.
Of course, that’s not the only reason to love HTML; it has a simple syntax that’s easy to learn and understand — so easy that even elementary school students can use it. There’s also a wide range of HTML templates, libraries, and frameworks available to make coding even easier. HTML is also well-liked because it’s a lightweight, platform-independent language so it loads easily and works across a variety of devices.
Why Web Developers Hate HTML
Another downside is that each page must be programmed separately with a lot of code required just to create a simple page. As a result, the coding for larger pages becomes bulky, complex, and difficult to navigate. This also makes coding with HTML somewhat time-consuming and monotonous.
Why HTML Is Necessary
The importance of HTML can not be overstated — it’s impossible to work in front end web development without using this essential language. HTML is a fundamental building block for all web pages and should be the first language any potential Front End Web Developer learns. Thankfully, HTML is beginner-friendly, easy to learn, and a valuable skill to acquire.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a language that’s used to style the text, color, buttons, and tables of a website plus structure how its pages are laid out. CSS allows for content and formatting to remain separate so webpages can adapt to different types of devices of various sizes. Some of the most frequently used CSS frameworks are Twitter Bootstrap, Tailwind CSS, Bulma, Foundation, Skeleton, UI Kit, Pure, Semantic UI, and Materialize.
Why Web Developers Love CSS
The primary reason Web Developers love CSS is that it easily adds style to boring webpages with just a few lines of code. And instead of coding each page of a website one by one, those few lines of code make it possible for styles to be applied consistently across an entire website, saving Web Developers an extraordinary amount of time.
The ability to control site-wide style with a small amount of code also helps when updating or maintaining the site; you only have to change one line of code to update the entire site which is much more efficient than changing pages one at a time. As an added bonus, site performance is improved thanks to the small CSS code footprint.
Why Web Developers Hate CSS
The biggest complaint regarding CSS is it doesn’t always work consistently on various browsers; Web Developers need to run the program across multiple browsers to test for compatibility. This type of cross-checking for compatibility doesn’t just happen after initial coding, it must also be done any time changes are made to the code, which can be frustrating and time-consuming.
Another issue with CSS is its lack of security. Because it’s an open text-based system, there’s no built-in security to protect CSS from being overridden, whether done intentionally or by accident. There are also different levels of CSS which can create confusion, especially for beginners.
Why CSS Is Necessary
CSS is necessary because without it, webpages look awful. If a website were to use HTML alone without incorporating CSS, it would just be text on a plain white background, which isn’t very interesting to look at. HTML and CSS must be paired together to create visually appealing websites. HTML is used to specify what content should be on the page while CSS provides all the style, including font type, color, layout, and more. When building websites, it’s practically impossible to create an inviting, interesting website without CSS.
Why Web Developers Love JSX
Why Web Developers Hate JSX
The primary arguments against JSX are about the code itself. Some developers criticize JSX’s confusing syntax and argue that the code could be more concise. Others complain that JSX mixes logic and markup, a practice that once was discouraged. And while JSX is supposedly optional, trying to use React without JSX becomes messy, practically forcing developers to adopt its usage.
Why JSX Is Necessary
JSX is necessary mostly because of the popularity of React. React is the number one library in use today with more than 41% of Web Developers surveyed by Stack Overflow in 2021 reporting regular usage in the previous year. Keep in mind that React is a front end library used to create user interfaces (UI) and the survey doesn’t separate responses out by job title; if you surveyed Front End Web Developers only, reported usage of React would be even higher.
And the popularity of React doesn’t seem to be waning at all. It was even named the top skill that Web Developers most wanted to acquire in 2021. With this kind of popularity, React won’t be going away any time soon. That’s why prospective Front End Web Developers should seriously consider adding React — including JSX — to their skill set.
Why Web Developers Love TypeScript
Why Web Developers Hate TypeScript
Why TypeScript Is Necessary
How to Become a Front End Developer
The fastest way to become qualified as a Front End Web Developer is to enroll in a web development bootcamp. Bootcamps are intensive programs designed to prepare students for a new career within a few months’ time. With their accelerated schedules and skill-focused curriculum, bootcamps are an excellent alternative to a traditional four-year degree. You can even find web development bootcamps available live online so you can acquire the skills you need without having to endure a long commute.